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Periodontal Disease Basics: Symptoms, Causes, and Possible Treatments

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Gum disease is extremely common in adults. You may not even know you have it. Also called periodontal disease or periodontitis, the condition ranges from mild to severe. In its mildest form, it is called gingivitis; at this stage it is reversible. If it progresses, your gums may pull away from your teeth to form pockets of infection. Eventually, the disease affects the supporting tissue and bone that holds your teeth in place. Without aggressive dental care treatment, your teeth could be lost.

What Causes Periodontal Disease?

Bacteria-laden dental plaque builds up on the surfaces of teeth and causes infection of gum tissue. Regular brushing and flossing helps to remove plaque. Unfortunately, the most common cause of gum disease is poor oral hygiene. Lack of access to dental care or an affordable dentist can also be a significant factor. Certain diseases, such as immune disorders and diabetes, may give you a predisposition to gum disease. It is also common during pregnancy and in people taking certain medications.

What are the most Common Symptoms of Gum Disease?

The following symptoms may indicate periodontal disease. If you experience one or more of them, visit an affordable dentist for evaluation and treatment.

  • Gums that bleed easily
  • Tender gum tissues
  • Loose teeth
  • Sensitive teeth
  • Swollen or red gums
  • Pain while chewing
  • Teeth that seem to appear longer
  • Receding gums
  • Persistent bad breath

What’s the Best Way to Treat Gum Disease?

Appropriate dental care and improved oral hygiene may be the only treatments necessary for mild cases of gingivitis. A dentist called a periodontist treats advanced cases of periodontitis. The main goal of any treatment is to control infection, which can be accomplished in various ways. Your periodontist may employ one or more of these treatment methods:

  • Scaling and root planing
  • Medicated mouth rinses
  • Bone or soft tissue grafts
  • Flap or pocket reduction surgery
  • Medicated chip insert

To get the dental care you deserve from an affordable dentist in Baltimore, call Dental One Associates of Maryland today at or make an appointment.

Dental One Associates offers affordable family dentistry and gentle, compassionate dental care in Baltimore. With 11 affiliated practices throughout Maryland, our offices are conveniently located with extended hours to meet your needs. At Dental One Associates of Maryland, we provide most dental services, from basic preventative care and general dentistry to specialized procedures and complete dental reconstruction. We accept most dental insurance plans and offer affordable financial solutions for any budget. Patient satisfaction is our top priority and we strive to provide the exceptional, affordable dental care and personal touch that lead to lasting relationships. A smiling patient is our greatest reward and we look forward to keeping those smiles healthy, beautiful, and bright. Discover an affordable dentist who truly cares at Dental One Associates of Maryland.

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