Understand Tooth Decay and Dental Fillings

dca-blog_article-16_how-cavities-and-fillings-work

Understanding cavities starts with a basic knowledge of tooth anatomy. Teeth consist of several layers. The outer covering of the tooth is made up of material called enamel, and it’s the hardest substance in the human body. Under the gum line, cementum covers each tooth’s root. Beneath this lies dentin, which contains nerve endings. The deepest layer is called the pulp, and it contains the tooth’s vascular structure and nerve center. After teeth are fully developed, the pulp’s only purpose it to alert us when it is damaged. It does this through transmitting pain.

What Causes Tooth Decay?
Food can easily become trapped in the pits and grooves of a tooth’s biting surfaces, and plaque left behind can start to cause tooth decay. The damage soon spreads from their thin surface to the tooth’s underlying dentin. The second way a cavity attacks is from a smoother surface between teeth or on the front and back. The affected area is usually wide and comes to a point at the entrance to deeper layers of the tooth.

Finding and Treating Cavities

Hands-on visual exams and use of an explorer probe can help your dentist locate areas of decay. X-ray examinations, especially bitewing x-rays, reveal tooth decay wedged between teeth and under the gum line. When these methods don’t reveal enough information, your dentist may use a disclosing solution to test suspicious areas. If a cavity extends into the dentin, treatment is necessary. The two-part goal of cavity treatment includes removing decay and replacing it with a filling material. After injecting a local anesthetic, the dentist uses a high-speed dental drill to remove all decayed portions of the tooth and prepare it for a filling. A liner is often inserted into the tooth to reduce sensitivity. Base cements may be added to deeper fillings for temperature insulation. The filling is usually made from amalgam, resin, porcelain, or gold. Fillings are layered on top of the liner to rebuild its structure.

Cavity Prevention

Affordable dentists can repair most decayed teeth, but cavity prevention is always preferable. The easiest way to avoid the dental drill is to maintain excellent oral hygiene. Brush at least twice every day, and floss once daily. Avoid or limit sugary snacks and drinks, and visit your dentist regularly.

To learn about our family dentistry practice in Baltimore, call Dental One Associates of Maryland today at (855) 979-3336 or make an appointment.

Dental One Associates offers affordable family dentistry and gentle, compassionate dental care in Baltimore. With 11 affiliated practices throughout Maryland, our offices are conveniently located with extended hours to meet your needs. At Dental One Associates of Maryland, we provide most dental services, from basic preventative care and general dentistry to specialized procedures and complete dental reconstruction. We accept most dental insurance plans and offer affordable financial solutions for any budget. Patient satisfaction is our top priority and we strive to provide the exceptional, affordable dental care and personal touch that lead to lasting relationships. A smiling patient is our greatest reward and we look forward to keeping those smiles healthy, beautiful, and bright. Discover an affordable dentist who truly cares at Dental One Associates of Maryland.

Read What Our Patients Say
Patient Reviews
Love the Orthodontist department here. They are wonderful!
Michele R.
Everyone was very nice. Was taken on time for both appointments I had.
Diana N.
I’ve had excellent treatment for over 30 years with this group.
Sharon S.
patient care, as soon as you walk to the check in desk
Lacretia C.
The hygentist I had was excellent and Dr Wright is excellent as well
Margaret M.
The office staff members were very pleasant, and sensitive to my needs. Everyone was so professional and friendly. I appreciate how my appointment was set according to my schedule. Dr. Berry was very […]
Leslie S.
The appointment was very fast and efficient. Although I had to change my schedule to make the appointment, I was still able to do other things in my day. The day wasn’t just a dentist appointment […]
Morgan P.
Was very nervous but I didn’t feel any pain
Earlene P.
Friendly, great work and ensured my comfort the entire visit.
Donieshia T.
If you’re afraid of the stereotypically judgey dentist who’s just going to lecture at you and not pay attention to your comfort, you’ve come to the right place. I can’t thank Dr. Allen enough […]
J C.
I think I have been going to Dr. Brager for 42 years – since 1975, before College Park Dental. Between the work he and his team have done and his referrals, I have a good working set of teeth and […]
Jean S.
The staff always makes me feel comfortable. Everyone is so nice. Dr.Patel is an amazing dentist. I would definitely recommend this dentist office!
Tammy B.
Very professional and personable service.
Maria E.
Excellent care. No waiting.
Sarah B.
Maxine is the best!
Latonya W.
The professionalism and efficiency
Deborah W.
Everyone is so friendly, and do their jobs well, and efficiently.
Suzanne M.
Every time I visit, they are very warm and welcoming. Appointment times are prompt, very fast and efficient. I’d recommend to anyone and everyone. Thanks
Courtney F.
Everytime it had an appointment or emergency I have received great care from the front desk all the way back to Dr. Stewart!
Jack M.
Over the last 60 years or so that I’ve been going to the dentist, I’ve lived in 24 different places in the U.S. and overseas, and the level of care at Dental 1 is the best I’ve found.
John K.
We Accept Most Insurance Plans!
Learn More

We accept most insurance plans and will be happy to help you understand the coverage that you have. We will do our best to see that you receive your maximum insurance benefits for all covered services.

No Insurance? No Worries! See our discounts and offers here