Understand Tooth Decay and Dental Fillings

dca-blog_article-16_how-cavities-and-fillings-work

Understanding cavities starts with a basic knowledge of tooth anatomy. Teeth consist of several layers. The outer covering of the tooth is made up of material called enamel, and it’s the hardest substance in the human body. Under the gum line, cementum covers each tooth’s root. Beneath this lies dentin, which contains nerve endings. The deepest layer is called the pulp, and it contains the tooth’s vascular structure and nerve center. After teeth are fully developed, the pulp’s only purpose it to alert us when it is damaged. It does this through transmitting pain.

What Causes Tooth Decay?
Food can easily become trapped in the pits and grooves of a tooth’s biting surfaces, and plaque left behind can start to cause tooth decay. The damage soon spreads from their thin surface to the tooth’s underlying dentin. The second way a cavity attacks is from a smoother surface between teeth or on the front and back. The affected area is usually wide and comes to a point at the entrance to deeper layers of the tooth.

Finding and Treating Cavities

Hands-on visual exams and use of an explorer probe can help your dentist locate areas of decay. X-ray examinations, especially bitewing x-rays, reveal tooth decay wedged between teeth and under the gum line. When these methods don’t reveal enough information, your dentist may use a disclosing solution to test suspicious areas. If a cavity extends into the dentin, treatment is necessary. The two-part goal of cavity treatment includes removing decay and replacing it with a filling material. After injecting a local anesthetic, the dentist uses a high-speed dental drill to remove all decayed portions of the tooth and prepare it for a filling. A liner is often inserted into the tooth to reduce sensitivity. Base cements may be added to deeper fillings for temperature insulation. The filling is usually made from amalgam, resin, porcelain, or gold. Fillings are layered on top of the liner to rebuild its structure.

Cavity Prevention

Affordable dentists can repair most decayed teeth, but cavity prevention is always preferable. The easiest way to avoid the dental drill is to maintain excellent oral hygiene. Brush at least twice every day, and floss once daily. Avoid or limit sugary snacks and drinks, and visit your dentist regularly.

To learn about our family dentistry practice in Baltimore, call Dental One Associates of Maryland today at (855) 979-3336 or make an appointment.

Dental One Associates offers affordable family dentistry and gentle, compassionate dental care in Baltimore. With 11 affiliated practices throughout Maryland, our offices are conveniently located with extended hours to meet your needs. At Dental One Associates of Maryland, we provide most dental services, from basic preventative care and general dentistry to specialized procedures and complete dental reconstruction. We accept most dental insurance plans and offer affordable financial solutions for any budget. Patient satisfaction is our top priority and we strive to provide the exceptional, affordable dental care and personal touch that lead to lasting relationships. A smiling patient is our greatest reward and we look forward to keeping those smiles healthy, beautiful, and bright. Discover an affordable dentist who truly cares at Dental One Associates of Maryland.

Read What Our Patients Say
Patient Reviews
Dr Klubis was and his assistance were very professional and comforting during my root canal. They were very kind and relaxing during the entire procedure. I would recommend them to anyone.
Hare V.
Excellent personnel care and in explaining the services and what to expect.
Robbyn H.
I love love love College Park Dental. My Dentist is Dr. Miriam Bemani and she is excellent. She is so kind, caring and understanding. Within a matter on months she got my teeth in top shape. With […]
Johana D.
The team is always helpful and friendly. I appreciate the excellent customer service from all the staff, from reception to my hygienist.
George G.
Got right in with a dental emergency! Fast temp fix to last until I can have a crown installed.
Raymond C.
My entire family has visited your office over the years. Without question or concern, the entire staff has always treated us with dignity, respect, and seen to our individual treatments in a timely […]
Michael R.
The courteous , professional and respectful customer service I receive from the doctors as well as the supporting staff is amazing. I actual enjoy making appointments.
Eloise F.
Everyone one was nice, my appointment was quick and the experience was good.
Donna H.
Maxine and Brianna are amazing and they always treat me so well!!
Shauna K.
Good people that know their jobs.
Kelvin L.
I’ve never liked going to the dentist since I was a child because of my sensitive teeth. Came across Dental One Associates of Cross Keys and it has been my best experience to date. From the […]
Sabrina G.
My filling was done quick and I felt absolutely nothing during the procedure nor after. He did a great job!
Tiffany S.
College Park Dental is the best! I recently had a bridge made and Dr. Brager told me that he wanted me to be 100% satisfied and after 2 adjustments I’m happy to say that I am 100% satisfied. My […]
Martha W.
Great people. Little wait time. Educated me on the health of my teeth with the how’s, why’s, and alternatives.
Taylor C.
Great dental care and customer service.
Dianna A.
I have been going to College Park Dental for 15 years. The administrative and dental staff are knowledgeable, courteous, and friendly. The office is immaculate and equipped with the most current […]
Anonymous
I’ve been a patient of Dr. Brager for quite a few years. He has always been kind and thorough in his dentistry. He is very friendly and wise in his advice and counseling regarding my dental […]
William W.
The service and friendly atmosphere
Russell F.
I went there when for most of the years I worked in Towson so it was convenient, but I started going there a long time ago and have always been happy with the service.
Lydia W.
Staff is very friendly and professional. Always concerned about the patient and willing to give advice to prevent future problems.
Angela P.
We Accept Most Insurance Plans!
Learn More

We accept most insurance plans and will be happy to help you understand the coverage that you have. We will do our best to see that you receive your maximum insurance benefits for all covered services.

No Insurance? No Worries! See our discounts and offers here

Office Hours
    Get in touch:
    • Phone: (855) 979-3336